AMD Ryzen 9000 vs Intel 15th Gen/Core Ultra 300 CPUs Specs, Pricing, and Release Date

Intel and AMD are scheduled to launch their next-gen processors in the coming month. Team Red announced its Ryzen 9000 “Zen 5” CPUs at Computex earlier this month and plans to launch them on the 31st of June. Intel, however, is yet to unveil its 15th Gen Arrow Lake (Core Ultra 300) processors, but the consensus is that they’ll be launched in Q4 2024. Let’s have a closer look at the specifications, pricing, and release dates of these processors in detail.

AMD Ryzen 9000 vs Intel 15th Gen/Core Ultra 300 Specs

Core Counts and Threads

Intel’s 15th Gen Arrow Lake-S processors, now renamed to the Core Ultra 300 chips will launch with similar specifications as the 14th Gen Raptor Lake-S Refresh. The Core i9/Core Ultra 9 will pack 24 cores, (8 P-cores + 16 E-cores), the Core i7/Core Ultra 7 will incorporate 20 cores (8 P-cores + 12 E-cores), and the Core i5/Core Ultra 5 will offer 14 cores (6 P-cores + 8 E-cores). On AMD’s side, the Ryzen 9000 CPUs start with 6 cores and 12 threads and top out at 16 cores and 32 threads.

Ryzen 5 9600Xi5-15600K Core Ultra 5 245KRyzen 7 9700Xi7-15700K Core Ultra 7 265KRyzen 9 9900XRyzen 9 9950Xi9-15900K Core Ultra 9 285K
L2 Cache (per core)1 MB3 MB (P-core)1 MB3 MB (P-core)1 MB1 MB3 MB (P-core)
L3 Cache (shared)32 MB24 MB32 MB33 MB64 MB64 MB36 MB
Boost Clock5.4 GHz5.3 GHz?5.5 GHz5.4 GHz?5.6 GHz5.7 GHz5.5 GHz?
PCIe Lanes (Gen 5)24202420242420
Memory SupportDDR5-8000DDR5-8000?DDR5-8000DDR5-8000?DDR5-8000DDR5-8000DDR5-8000?
ProcessTSMC 4nmTSMC 3nm “N3B”TSMC 4nmTSMC 3nm “N3B”TSMC 4nm “N4P”TSMC 4nm “N4P”TSMC 3nm “N3B”
LaunchJuly 2024Q4 2024July 2024Q4 202431st July 202431st July 2024Q4 2024

One major difference between the two lineups is that the Ryzen desktop lineup consists of high-performance cores, while the Intel platform features a hybrid design with P and E-cores, without hyper-threading.

Cache: L2 and L3

Intel’s Arrow Lake-S CPUs feature more L2 cache (3 MB per P-core) than AMD’s Zen 5 cores (1 MB per core), but lesser L3 cache (36 MB vs 64 MB). The boost clocks should be similar on the two lineups. The Ryzen 9 9950X will max out at 5.7 GHz, and 5.6 GHz for the 9900X. The Core Ultra 9 285K should also clock between 5.5 GHz and 6 GHz on the P-cores.

Memory and I/O

AMD will likely hold an I/O advantage with 24 PCIe Gen 5 lanes on Granite Ridge versus 20 on Intel’s Arrow Lake-S family. The Ryzen 9000 CPUs will feature an upgraded memory controller optimized for DDR5-8000 in EXPO. The Core Ultra 300 should come with similar or higher memory clocks.

TDP and Power Efficiency

Power efficiency has been AMD’s forte for quite some time now. That will continue in the coming generations as the Ryzen 9000 chips get lower TDP/PPT envelopes. While the Ryzen 9 9950X has a TDP of 170W, the 9900X is specced at 120W, and the remaining SKUs run at a base power of just 65W. Meanwhile, Intel’s Arrow Lake-S lineup will run at a base “PL1” power limit of 125W and a boost “PL2” power limit of 253W.

Process Nodes and Platforms

Intel and AMD are both set to leverage TSMC’s EUV lithography, with a whole node advantage for the former. Team Red will utilize the 4nm “N4P” process, while its Blue rival will use the 3nm “N3B” node. AMD will retain the AM5 socket and its 600-series chipsets, while Intel will upgrade to the newer LGA1851 socket, ditching the LGA1700 platform after just 2 “real” generations.

AMD Ryzen 9000 vs Intel 15th Gen/Core Ultra 300 Pricing and Release Dates

According to Moore’s Law is Dead, the Ryzen 9000 processors will be more affordable than their predecessors. The YouTuber claims:

  • The Ryzen 9 9950X will be priced up to $649, $50 less than the launch price of the Ryzen 9 7950X.
  • The Ryzen 9 9900X will cost up to $499, or at least $50 less than the Ryzen 9 7900X’s launch MSRP.
  • The Ryzen 7 9700X is said to cost between $329-$379, making it $20 to $70 cheaper than the Ryzen 7 7700X at launch.
  • The Ryzen 5 9600X will cost between $249-$299, making it up to $50 more affordable than the Ryzen 5 7600X.

On the Intel side, there aren’t any new leaks, and the Arrow Lake-S desktop CPUs will likely cost the same as their Raptor Lake predecessors:

Cores (P+E/T)P-Core
L3 Cache

As already mentioned, AMD’s Ryzen 9000 processors will launch on the 31st of July, while the Intel 15th Gen/Core Ultra 300 CPUs will launch in the fourth quarter of 2024, likely in November or December. The first wave will only include the unlocked “K” and “KF” series chips, while the non-K parts will launch at a later date.

AMD Zen 5 vs Intel Lion Cove Core Architectures

When it comes to the core architecture, we don’t know much about Zen 5. Intel shared the basic details of the Lion Cove “P-core” at Computex, and they made it a wide core. Team Blue has doubled down on the fundamentals. A massive branch predictor, expanded decoder, op-cache, and dispatch.

Front-endRaptor CoveZen 4Redwood CoveZen 5 (not confirmed)Lion Cove
I-Cache32 KB32 KB64 KB32 KB64 KB
Branch Target Buffer128/6K/12K1.5K/7K???
Instruction Fetch B/w32 Bytes32 Bytes32 Bytes32 Bytes?128 Bytes
Instruction Queue50?50???
Micro-op Cache4K6.75K4K?5.25K
Micro-op Cache B/w898?12
Micro-op Queue Width144?192?192

On the backend, Lion Cove features a consolidated ROB feeding parallel/independent FP and INT execution ports (a first for Intel). The backend cache hierarchy has been revamped for higher bandwidth and lower latency. You can read more about Lion Cove and how it differs from Raptor and Redwood Cove here.

Back-endRaptor CoveZen 4Redwood CoveZen 5Lion Cove
Reorder Buffer512320512?576
Branch Order Buffer128128?
Retire B/w888?12
Int Reg/FP Reg280/332224/192280/332??
EU Scheduler9724 x4/32 x297??
Load Scheduler70with EU70??
Store Scheduler38with EU38??
Execution Ports59512?10
Store Data Ports2?2?2
Load AGU33343
Store AGU22223
Load Queue192136192??
Store Queue11464114??
Load B/w96 Bytes64 Bytes128 Bytes?128 Bytes
Store B/w64 Bytes32 Bytes64 Bytes?64 Bytes?
L1D Cache48 KB32 KB48 KB48 KB48 KB/192 KB
L2 Cache2048 KB1024 KB2 MB1 MB2.5 MB/3 MB
L2 TLB20483072???

Areej Syed

Processors, PC gaming, and the past. I have written about computer hardware for over seven years with over 5000 published articles. I started during engineering college and haven't stopped since. On the side, I play RPGs like Baldur's Gate, Dragon Age, Mass Effect, Divinity, and Fallout. Contact: areejs12@hardwaretimes.com.
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